Calibrating n-alkane Sphagnum proxies in sub-Arctic Scandinavia
2009 (English)In: Organic Geochemistry, ISSN 0146-6380, E-ISSN 1873-5290, Vol. 40, no 10, 1085-1090 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Moss covered, high latitude wetlands hold large amounts of terrestrial organic matter (OM), which may be vulnerable to expected climate warming. Molecular analysis of fluvially transported material from these regions can distinguish between different sources of terrestrial OM. Sphagnum moss may represent one of the major sources. This study aimed to quantitatively establish a molecular proxy for identifying Sphagnum-derived OM from high latitude peatlands in the sub-Arctic coastal ocean. We collected and analyzed Sphagnum species throughout northern Sweden and Finland. Results show that the C25/(C25 + C29) n-alkane ratio is most suitable for terrestrial OM source apportionment in these coastal regions since, compared to other n-alkane Sphagnum proxies, it shows (i) the least variation between species, (ii) the most constant values for different latitudinal regimes and (iii) the largest dynamic range to the higher plant end member in two-source mixing models. Application of the proxy to surface sediments and suspended particulate matter in the sub-Arctic northern Baltic Sea shows that 68–103% of the terrestrial OM fraction is derived from Sphagnum-rich peatland. We recommend that future studies on terrestrial OM fluxes into (sub-)Arctic regions should apply the C25/(C25 + C29) proxy to improve insight into the contribution of Sphagnum-derived terrestrial OM from climate-vulnerable, high latitude wetlands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 40, no 10, 1085-1090 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-36967DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2009.07.002ISI: 000275197600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-36967DiVA: diva2:291451