El ingenio desde los presocráticos hasta Gracián
1998 (Spanish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
The literary and philosophical theory of the Spanish seventeenth century writer Baltasar Gracián is based upon the notions of ingenio, agudeza, prudencia and concepto. This theory tells us about "two intelligences". One juicio (judgement), the other ingenio or creative imagination, which is not a rational intelligence, but a relational, metaphorical intelligence that in a world of perpetual change allows mankind to grasp the truth of the instant, of the thing, or particulars, by means of metaphorical and allegorical language, which allows us to discover reality in the unfolding of its innumerable facets.
Since Gracián writes in his work Agudeza y Arte de Ingenio that he considers himself the first thinker in trying to give rules for the use of such "intelligence" by creating an art or science, which he calls Agudeza, for the Classics did not devote themselves to the study of this matter, and therefore never gave it a definition, we have gone ad fontes in order to find whatever the Ancients and their successors all the way to Gracián said about it. Having done that, we devote the last chapter to the disclosure in detail of Gracián's theory.
At the end of this study we come to the conclusion that Gracián is another link in the preservation of the poetical philosophy of the ancient Greeks, for through the history of mankind, as from the appearence of the logos, it is possible to see the existence of two approaches to reality: that of reason and that of creative imagination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Spanish, Stockholm University , 1998. , 412 p.
Research subject Spanish
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37015ISBN: 91-7153-696-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-37015DiVA: diva2:291853
1998-01-31, Hörsal 9, hus D, Södra huset, Frescati, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Talvet, Jüri, Professor