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Life Extension versus Replacement
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
2008 (English)In: Journal of Applied Philosophy, ISSN 0264-3758, E-ISSN 1468-5930, Vol. 25, no 3, 211-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It seems to be a widespread opinion that increasing the length of existing happy lives is better than creating new happy lives although the total welfare is the same in both cases, and that it may be better even when the total welfare is lower in the outcome with extended lives. I shall discuss two interesting suggestions that seem to support this idea, or so it has been argued. Firstly, the idea there is a positive level of well-being above which a life has to reach to have positive contributive value to a population, so-called Critical Level Utilitarianism. Secondly, the view that it makes an outcome worse if people are worse off than they otherwise could have been, a view I call Comparativism. I shall show that although these theories do capture some of our intuitions about the value of longevity, they contradict others, and they have a number of counterintuitive implications in other cases that we ultimately have to reject them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 25, no 3, 211-227 p.
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Research subject
Practical Philosophy
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37085DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5930.2008.00413.xOAI: diva2:292663
Available from: 2010-02-08 Created: 2010-02-08 Last updated: 2010-11-24Bibliographically approved

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