Mat till vaje pris: En studie av FN:s och Världsbankens beskrivning av de snabbt höjda matpriserna
2010 (Swedish)Student thesis
The purpose of this thesis has been to study how the United Nations (UN) och the World Bank choose to describe the food crisis that followed the sudden rises in food prices in 2007 and 2008, from their interpretation of the world and the reality. To examine what has caused the sudden rises in food prices, what consequences it has had and what response the two institutions have planed to carry through. In addition, the purpose has been to study how power relations between different actors have influenced the description of the food crisis. The aim is to accomplish a discourse analysis on the reports and other documentation that the UN and the World Bank present on their home page (on the Internet) that is about the problems with the rises in food prices. The methods used in the thesis are Norman Faircloughs’ critical discourse analysis and a semi structured interview. The critical discourse analysis was made with the help of a three dimensional model. The first dimension, text, has its focus on the materials linguistic qualities. How the writher for an example use different concepts and how it choose to word clauses. The second dimension, discursive practice, has its focus on in which context the text has been written in. The conclusion was that the food crisis discourse was influenced by the unequal power relationship between more developed countries and developing countries. This was apparent in the ways the UN and the World Bank choose to talk about the food crisis. In the discourse it is their interpretation of the world and the reality that dominates in terms of what the causes to the sudden rises in food prices, what consequences it has had and what should be done about it. Also it is the UN:s and the World Banks definition of notions like food security and developing countries that predominates the discourse. The power structure also influence what is and what not possible to express in the food crisis discourse. It is clear that within the food crisis discourse all knowledge, identities and truths are affected by power.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FN, Världsbanken, kritisk diskursanalys, matpris, matsäkerhet
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-37263DiVA: diva2:297970
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law