What you fear will appear: Detection of schematic spiders in spider fear
2010 (English)In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, E-ISSN 2190-5142, Vol. 57, no 6, 470-475 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Various experimental tasks suggest that fear guides attention. However, because these tasks often lack ecological validity, it is unclear to what extent results from these tasks can be generalized to real-life situations. In change detection tasks, a brief interruption of the visual input (i.e., a blank interval or a scene cut) often results in undetected changes in the scene. This setup resembles real-life viewing behavior and is used here to increase ecological validity of the attentional task without compromising control over the stimuli presented. Spider-fearful and nonfearful women detected schematic spiders and flowers that were added to one of two identical background pictures that alternated with a brief blank in between them (i.e., flicker paradigm). Results showed that spider-fearful women detected spiders (but not flowers) faster than did nonfearful women. Because spiders and flowers had similar low-level features, these findings suggest that fear guides attention on the basis of object features rather than simple low-level features.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 57, no 6, 470-475 p.
emotion, fear, attention, change detection
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37636DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000058ISI: 000283649200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-37636DiVA: diva2:304215