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Tool Mediation in Focus on Form Activities: Case studies in a grammar-exploring environment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
2007 (English)In: ReCALL, ISSN 0958-3440, E-ISSN 1474-0109, Vol. 19, no 1, 39-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present two case studies of two different pedagogical tasks in a Computer Assisted Language Learning environment called Grim. The main design principle in Grim is to support ‘Focus on Form’ in second language pedagogy. Grim contains several language technology-based features for exploring linguistic forms (static, rule-based and statistical), intended to be used while writing. Our question is, in what ways does Grim support Focus on Form in actual classroom use. We have explored this question within sociocultural theory, emphasizing tool mediation and how tools shape the learner’s activity. The first case concerns a text-reconstruction exercise in which students worked in a pair within the Grim environment. The second case was conducted with another group of students, who engaged in collaborative revision of texts, written in advance by one of the students, in student pairs. In both studies, students were instructed and encouraged to use the different features of Grim. Data was collected by recording dialogue during the sessions with Grim. Our results show how learners put the features of Grim into use in their writing tasks. In some instances, the program was used creatively, in combination with external tools such as the users’ own dictionaries, knowledge of other languages, or teachers. In other instances, we note that Grim was used for error correction, rather than as a language resource. The learners’ activities are thus transformed by their use of the program, from the tasks of revision and text-reconstruction into error correction. The application shapes the activity, in conjunction with the pedagogical tasks. We argue for studying the activities of students with CALL tools, in order to find out in detail how tasks and technology concur in use and what view on language and pedagogy they mediate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 19, no 1, 39-56 p.
Keyword [en]
sociocultural theory, mediation, Focus on Form, collaborative learning, language technology, natural language processing
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37891DOI: 10.1017/S0958344007000419OAI: diva2:305342
Available from: 2010-03-23 Created: 2010-03-23 Last updated: 2015-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Karlström, PetterCerratto-Pargman, TeresaKnutsson, Ola
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