Poor school bonding and delinquency over time: Bidirectional effects and sex differences
2011 (English)In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 34, no 1, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The association between poor school bonding and delinquency has only been partly addressed in earlier research. Using a longitudinal design, the objective of our study was to investigate possible bidirectional effects and sex differences between adolescents’ experienced school bonding and self-rated delinquency over time. A total of 788 adolescents (353 boys and 435 girls) were investigated by questionnaire at age 14 and 16. Poor school attachment and commitment as well as poor teacher attachment were found to be stronger determinants of delinquency for males than for females. Delinquency predicted poor school commitment for both boys and girls, and poor school attachment for girls, thus indicating bidirectional effects over time and sex differences in some of the bidirectional effects. The study concludes that the delinquency propensity of adolescent boys may be affected by all school bonding dimensions, whereas for girls it is their relationship with their teachers that is of significance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 34, no 1, 1-9 p.
school bonding, teacher attachment, school attachment, school commitment, teacher defiance, delinquency, sex differences
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38141DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.03.008ISI: 000287463800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38141DiVA: diva2:306229
The present research was made possible by access to data from a Swedish longitudinal research project. Professor Håkan Stattin was responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the collection of data. The research was supported by grants from the Swedish Prison and Probation Services and the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research. The authors would like to thank Kristiina Rajaleid for statistical assistance.2010-03-292010-03-292012-02-01Bibliographically approved