Friluftsliv: a contribution to equity and democracy in Swedish Physical Education? An analysis of codes in Swedish Physical Education curricula
2011 (English)In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839, Vol. 43, no 2, 269-288 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the last decade, expanding research investigating school subject Physical Education (PE), indicates a promotion of inequalities regarding which children benefit from PE teaching. Outdoor education and its Scandinavian equivalent friluftsliv, is a part of the PE curriculum in many countries and these practices have been claimed to have the potential to contribute to more equity in PE teaching. Through an investigation of how stipulations regarding friluftsliv in the national Swedish PE curriculum are transformed and interpreted into 31 local PE syllabus documents, this paper investigates the possibilities for friluftsliv to fulfil this potential. In an analysis inspired by educational sociologist Basil Bernstein, I claim that Swedish PE teachers’ marginalised interpretation of friluftsliv indicates its weak classification when a part of PE. When friluftsliv is addressed in PE, the strong dominance of a performance code transforms it into mere sport activities. The results of this study highlight questions regarding PE teachers’ interpretation of learning aims and their work with text documents. It also discusses alternatives to implementing friluftsliv through PE and the role of teachers in curriculum reforms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2011. Vol. 43, no 2, 269-288 p.
Friluftsliv, Physical education, Equity, Classification, Code
Research subject Educational Sciences in Arts and Professions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38229DOI: 10.1080/00220272.2010.500680ISI: 000289666000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38229DiVA: diva2:308097
ProjectsFriluftsliv in Swedish Physical Education - a Struggle of Values. Educational and Sociological Perspectives