Research reports in industrial and acacdemic research
2010 (English)In: English for Professional and Academic Purposes / [ed] Miguel F. Ruiz-Garrido, Juan Carlos Palmer-Silveira, Inmaculada Fortanet-Gómez, Amsterdam: Rodopi , 2010, 73-87 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Many doctoral students at Swedish technical universities are so-called industridoktorander who are seconded by their companies to study for an advanced degree while employed by the company, and typically while working on research topics which arise naturally out of their industrial work. They therefore have experience of the genres and writing processes associated with in-company research and development as well as those of academic research. This paper reports on interviews based on text samples in which such doctoral students describe their writing, its production conditions, and its audiences (and hence language choice). The aim is examine their perceptions of the differences between the two writing environments and the discourses which researchers use to discuss them. Broadly it is concluded that the subjects perceive themselves as belonging simultaneously to two discourse communities with rather different values. University research reports are themselves exposed to competition for publication space and need to stand on their own, while the internal reports are embedded in a network of telephone and email communication and are written more for the record. Therefore the academic reports need to be tightly focused, carefully written in the ‘empiricist repertoire’, and explicitly meet the expectations of an international audience, while the company test reports are merely raw material for use in inter-company competition, and therefore must be inclusive, to some extent truthful in a ‘contingent repertoire’ and implicitly refer to the shared company environment. However in-company attitudes to the written product vary according to the discipline; archival material can be very valuable in some areas and useless in other, fast changing, fields.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Rodopi , 2010. 73-87 p.
, Utrecht studies in language and communication, ISSN 0927-7706 ; 22
Research subject English
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38327ISBN: 9789042029552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38327DiVA: diva2:309776