Synthesis and Characterization of Functionalized Silica Mesoporous Crystals: Cationic Surfactant and Co-structure Directing Agent System
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This dissertation has been focused on the synthesis and characterization of novel functionalized silica mesoporous crystals by using cationic surfactant and co–structure directing agents (CSDA), the central concept of the synthesis method is to build proper organic/inorganic interactions by introducing CSDA into the synthesis system.
By using cationic surfactant as template and anionic CSDA, carboxylic group functionalized mesoporous silicas were successfully synthesized. Well ordered 2D p6mm, cubic Fm-3m, mixture of CCP (Fm-3m) and HCP (P63/mmc), and cubic Fd-3m with uniform carboxylic group distribution have been obtained. Besides, we have investigated the Fm-3m/Fd-3m type intergrowth and new type defects observed in the Fd-3m structure using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and proposed a “polyhedron packing” model.
New amphoteric, inorganic amino acid with highly ordered mesopores were synthesized. Uniform distribution of acid and base organic groups on the mesopore surfaces were formed by interactions between the counter charged surfactant head groups and ionic parts of CSDAs. It has been demonstrated that organic (–NH2 and –COOH) pairs incorporated in the mesopore walls behave as natural amino acids, collectively exhibiting an isoelectric point of ~6.0. Moreover, we have demonstrated that the inorganic amino acid is an efficient catalyst for the reaction between aldehydes and carbon nucleophiles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University , 2010. , 82 p.
Mesoporous silica, Template synthesis, Functionalization, Electron microscopy, Defects, Crystal growth, Catalysis
Research subject Structural Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38398ISBN: 978-91-7447-029-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38398DiVA: diva2:310270
2010-05-18, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Alfredsson, Viveka, Biträdande professor
Terasaki, Osamu, Professor
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