Long-term cognitive outcome after neurosurgically treated childhood traumatic brain injury
2009 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301x, Vol. 23, no 13-14, 1008-1016 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To explore the cognitive long term outcome of two cohorts of patients neurosurgically treated for childhood traumatic brain injury (CTBI), either in 1987-1991 according to an older concept, or 1997-2001 with a stronger emphasis on volume targeted interventions. Research design and methods: Participants in the two cohorts were subject to an extensive neuropsychological assessment, 13.2 and 6.1 years post injury, respectively. In a between group design, assessment results of the two cohorts, n 18 and n 23, were compared to each other and to controls. Data were analyzed with multivariate analyses of variance. Results: Long-term cognitive deficits for both groups of similar magnitude and character were observed in both groups. Abilities were especially low regarding executive and memory function and verbal IQ. The cognitive results are discussed in terms of vulnerability of verbal functions and decreased executive control over memory-functions. Conclusions: There is a definite need for long term follow up of cognitive deficits after neurosurgically treated CTBI, also with the newer neurosurgical concept. Verbal learning and the executive control over memory functions should be addressed with interventions aimed at restoration, coping and compensation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis , 2009. Vol. 23, no 13-14, 1008-1016 p.
Traumatic brain injury, paediatric, long-term, outcome, cognitive
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38550DOI: 10.3109/02699050903379354ISI: 000272556000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38550DiVA: diva2:310943