Neuropsychological progress during 14 yearsafter severe traumatic brain injury in childhoodand adolescence
2004 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301x, Vol. 18, no 9, 921-934 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To investigate the impact of time since injury on neuropsychological and psychosocial outcome after serious TBI in childhood or adolescence. Methods: The subjects were eight patients with serious TBI sustained at a mean age of 14 years who had been assessed neuropsychological at one, seven and 14 years after TBI. A retrospective longitudinal design was chosen to describe the development in six neuropsychological domains on basis of the assessments. Psychosocial data were gathered from clinical knowledge and a semi-structured interview at 14 years after TBI. Results: Performance of verbal IQ shows a declining trend over the three assessments, that the performance of attention and working memory is low and that verbal learning is the cognitive domain, which exhibits the largest impairments. The main psychosocial result is that three of the eight subjects go from a school situation with no adjustments to adult life with an early retirement. Conclusions: Time since insult is an important factor when assessing outcome after TBI in childhood and adolescence and that assessment of final outcome should not be done before adulthood.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis , 2004. Vol. 18, no 9, 921-934 p.
traumatic brain injury, childhood, cognitive development, long-term outcome
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38554DOI: 10.1080/02699050410001671900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38554DiVA: diva2:310950