Transparent hydroxyapatite nanoceramics by high pressure spark plasma sintering at the minimized sintering temperature
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
For direct observation of the bio-interfacial reactions with improved spatial and temporal resolution by confocal microscopy transparent hydroxyapatite nanoceramics are demanded. The aim of the present study was to, through detailed kinetics study and micostructural characterization, define a processing window within which transparent HAp nanoceramics can be produced by spark plasma sintering of dry powders. A lab-made hydrothermally processed bulky powder composed of loosely aggregated nanorods and a commercial granulated-powder composed of irregular shaped nanorods were tested. The use of a high pressure cell allows the application of pressure up to 500 MPa. It was found that applying of high pressure is beneficial for widen up the processing window for attaining dense HAp ceramics with nano grained microstructure. The high transparency of HAp nanoceramics obtained in this study is ascribed to the high density and homogeneous nano-structure achieved besides the unique intrinsic optical properties of the HAp crystal, i.e. its low refractive index and very small birefringence. Achieving full densification at the minimized sintering temperature allows for the first time the preparation of transparent HAp nanoceramics with stoichiometric composition, i.e. avoiding the loss of water that commonly encountered during the conventional ways of sintering.
Hydroxyapatite, nanoceramics, optical transparency, sintering
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38653DiVA: diva2:312042