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Alcohol consumption in southern Sweden after major decreases in Danish spirits tax and increases in Swedish traveller's quotas
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). (Nordic Tax Study)
2010 (English)In: European Addiction Research, ISSN 1022-6877, E-ISSN 1421-9891, Vol. 16, no 4, 152-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. In 2003, Denmark lowered its tax on spirits, and in 2004, Sweden increased its traveller import quotas. Aim. The aim was to determine whether these two changes increased self-reported alcohol consumption in southern Sweden, which is located near to Denmark. Method. Data were collected through telephone interviews with the general population between 2003 and 2006. People aged 16-80 years were interviewed. Some lived in southern Sweden, others in the northern region, which was assumed to be unaffected by the policy changes and thus used as a control site. Analyses were performed for the total population as well as by sex, age, socio-economic group and by consumption pattern. Results. The expected results were not found; alcohol consumption in southern Sweden had not changed. The few statistically significant changes found in southern Sweden indicated decreases. In the north, however, consumption seemed to have increased. Conclusion. In addition to the two policy changes mentioned above, other changes seem to have affected alcohol consumption in Sweden. It is possible, however, that the policy changes have affected population groups not reached by surveys, and thus other types of data need to be analysed before drawing any far-reaching conclusions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basel: S. Karger AG , 2010. Vol. 16, no 4, 152-161 p.
Keyword [en]
alcohol consumption, tax decrease, increased private import quotas
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38823DOI: 10.1159/000314358ISI: 000278387100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38823DiVA: diva2:315747
Projects
Nordic Tax Study
Available from: 2010-04-29 Created: 2010-04-29 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bridging the world: Alcohol Policy in Transition and Diverging Alcohol Patterns in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging the world: Alcohol Policy in Transition and Diverging Alcohol Patterns in Sweden
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present dissertation aims at analysing the effects of recent alcohol policy changes. The traditional strict policy in Sweden had focused on high pricing and limited availability to control levels of alcohol consumed and thus alcohol-related harms. However, increased travellers’ allowances meant larger availability of cheaper alcohol when importing from Denmark and Germany, which are the countries from which Swedes obtain most of their private imports; the tax decrease in Denmark further decreased the price. As the economic literature links demand to price of a commodity and the early (smaller) quota changes had resulted in higher consumption in southern Sweden, it was expected that these latest changes would mean higher consumption and more alcohol-related problems in this area in particular. Some groups were additionally expected to be more affected than others.

The present compilation thesis comprises four related articles and an introductory chapter that ties them together. Article I focuses on private imports in relation to quota changes 2002 – 2004 and relate this to purchase at the alcohol monopoly stores. Self-reported consumption and alcohol-related problems are studied in Article II and IV. In Article III, register data on alcohol-related harms, i.e. hospitalizations and police-recorded crimes, are analysed.

The results of the dissertation were puzzling, since there was no large increase in consumption or alcohol-related problems in the south, but increases in the north during the period. However, private imports and cases of hospitalization due to alcohol poisoning were found to have increased in the south. Thus, the results imply that these policy changes had an effect on private imports, but that this effect was not large enough to increase total consumption as well. Additionally, increased alcohol poisoning cases implied that there had been an impact among high consumers. The increases found in consumption and problems in the north may instead have other explanations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2010. 57 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; N.S., 42Dissertations at the Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), 9
Keyword
alcohol consumption, alcohol-related consequences, availability, price, EU, social change
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38858 (URN)978-91-86071-39-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-05-28, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: In press. Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Submitted.

Available from: 2010-05-06 Created: 2010-05-01 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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