Bridging the world: Alcohol Policy in Transition and Diverging Alcohol Patterns in Sweden
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The present dissertation aims at analysing the effects of recent alcohol policy changes. The traditional strict policy in Sweden had focused on high pricing and limited availability to control levels of alcohol consumed and thus alcohol-related harms. However, increased travellers’ allowances meant larger availability of cheaper alcohol when importing from Denmark and Germany, which are the countries from which Swedes obtain most of their private imports; the tax decrease in Denmark further decreased the price. As the economic literature links demand to price of a commodity and the early (smaller) quota changes had resulted in higher consumption in southern Sweden, it was expected that these latest changes would mean higher consumption and more alcohol-related problems in this area in particular. Some groups were additionally expected to be more affected than others.
The present compilation thesis comprises four related articles and an introductory chapter that ties them together. Article I focuses on private imports in relation to quota changes 2002 – 2004 and relate this to purchase at the alcohol monopoly stores. Self-reported consumption and alcohol-related problems are studied in Article II and IV. In Article III, register data on alcohol-related harms, i.e. hospitalizations and police-recorded crimes, are analysed.
The results of the dissertation were puzzling, since there was no large increase in consumption or alcohol-related problems in the south, but increases in the north during the period. However, private imports and cases of hospitalization due to alcohol poisoning were found to have increased in the south. Thus, the results imply that these policy changes had an effect on private imports, but that this effect was not large enough to increase total consumption as well. Additionally, increased alcohol poisoning cases implied that there had been an impact among high consumers. The increases found in consumption and problems in the north may instead have other explanations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis, 2010. , 57 p.
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; N.S., 42Dissertations at the Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD), 9
alcohol consumption, alcohol-related consequences, availability, price, EU, social change
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38858ISBN: 978-91-86071-39-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38858DiVA: diva2:317034
2010-05-28, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Mäkinen, Ilkka, Professor
Helmersson Bergmark, Karin, ProfessorRamstedt, Mats, Docent
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: In press. Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Submitted.2010-05-062010-05-012015-06-16Bibliographically approved
List of papers