Resistance and recolonization of bryophyte assemblages following disturbances: - detecting patterns and exploring mechanisms
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Disturbances are ubiquitous features of most northern forest ecosystems. The subsequent response of plant assemblages on both short (resistance or not) and long term (recolonization or not) will depend on a number of factors operating at several spatial scales. In boreal forest ecosystems, bryophyte assemblages are a conspicuous and species rich group of plants for which these processes are poorly understood. Using a combination of experimental and observational approaches this thesis explores these questions for closed-canopy bryophyte assemblages in relation to a) microtopography (both for the initial and long-term response), b) environmental constrains during post-logging succession and c) disturbance type. My results clearly show that the shade and shelter provided by microtopographic surface structures can increase survival rates of bryophytes following clear-cut logging by decreasing mortality from microclimatic stress and mechanical disturbance. Following clear-cutting, the recovery of forest floor and dead wood living bryophytes seems to be a relatively steady and progressive process without any major bottleneck episodes in the young or semi-mature forest stages with much of the pre-disturbance composition recovered after 50 years. Although boulders were found to increase the initial survival on clear-cuts and hence increase disturbance resistance, we found no evidence that boulders influenced the subsequent recolonization process. Lastly, strong compositional dissimilarities were found in young forests (40 years) following clear-cut logging, wildfire and insect outbreak, indicating divergent trajectories to occur following different disturbances. Hence, early seral stages of forest ecosystems regenerating after natural disturbances seem to compliment young managed forests in maintaining landscape level diversity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Botany, Stockholm University , 2010. , 30 p.
Bryophytes, boreal forest, boulders, clear-cutting, disturbance, establishment, insect outbreaks, microtopography, recolonization, resistance, spatial heterogeneity, succession, wildfires
Research subject Plant Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38883ISBN: 978-91-7447-053-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-38883DiVA: diva2:317261
2010-06-04, Föreläsningssalen, Botanicum, Lilla Frescativägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Kouki, Jari, Professor
Hylander, Kristoffer, Docent
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.2010-05-112010-05-032010-05-03Bibliographically approved
List of papers