EPR studies on a stable sulfinyl radical observed in the iron-oxygen reconstituted Y177F/I263C protein double mutant of ribonucleotide reductase from mouse
2002 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 41, no 20, 6510-6516 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides. The active enzyme contains a diiron center and a tyrosyl free radical required for enzyme activity. The radical is located at Y177 in the R2 protein of mouse RNR. The radical is formed concomitantly with the μ-oxo-bridged diferric center in a reconstitution reaction between ferrous iron and molecular oxygen in the protein. EPR at 9.6 and 285 GHz was used to investigate the reconstitution reaction in the double-mutant Y177F/I263C of mouse protein R2. The aim was to produce a protein-linked radical derived from the Cys residue in the mutant protein to investigate its formation and characteristics. The mutation Y177F hinders normal radical formation at Y177, and the I263C mutation places a Cys residue at the same distance from the iron center as Y177 in the native protein. In the reconstitution reaction, we observed small amounts of a transient radical with a probable assignment to a peroxy radical, followed by a stable sulfinyl radical, most likely located on C263. The unusual radical stability may be explained by the hydrophobic surroundings of C263, which resemble the hydrophobic pocket surrounding Y177 in native protein R2. The observation of a sulfinyl radical in RNR strengthens the relationship between RNR and another free radical enzyme, pyruvate formate-lyase, where a similar relatively stable sulfinyl radical has been observed in a mutant. Sulfinyl radicals may possibly be considered as stabilized forms of very short-lived thiyl radicals, proposed to be important intermediates in the radical chemistry of RNR.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 20, 6510-6516 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-39041DOI: 10.1021/bi012043dOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-39041DiVA: diva2:318089