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A cognitive approach to opposites: The case of Swedish levande 'alive' and död 'dead'
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
2009 (English)In: Varieng. Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English, ISSN 1797-4453, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present paper, opposites are examined and discussed, and a way of describing them from a cognitive perspective is suggested. Related research disagrees upon whether opposites are symmetrical, and whether concepts should be integrated in the relation of opposites. The Swedish opposites levande 'alive' and död 'dead' have been studied thoroughly in order to provide empirical data. Arguments are presented in favour of an analysis in which opposites show semantic symmetry to some extent. When it comes to distribution and domains, however, opposites do not show symmetry. Further, it is argued that concepts should be included in the relation of opposites. The asymmetries found are related to markedness, information value, Aktionsart and the prototype of the word connected to referent of the subject/NP that one of the opposites describes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsingfors, 2009. Vol. 3
Keyword [en]
semantics, opposites, dead, alive, Aktionsart
National Category
Specific Languages
Research subject
Scandinavian Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-39829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-39829DiVA: diva2:321534
Available from: 2010-09-30 Created: 2010-06-01 Last updated: 2010-09-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf