Putative neurohemal areas in the peripheral nervous system of an insect, Gryllus bimaculatus, revealed by immunocytochemistry.
1995 (English)In: Cell and Tissue Research, ISSN 0302-766X, E-ISSN 1432-0878, Vol. 281, no 1, 43-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The morphology and position of putative neurohemal areas in the peripheral nervous system (ventral nerve cord and retrocerebral complex) of the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus are described. By using antisera to the amines dopamine, histamine, octopamine, and serotonin, and the neuropeptides crustacean cardioactive peptide, FMRFamide, leucokinin 1, and proctolin, an extensive system of varicose fibers has been detected throughout the nerves of all neuromeres, except for nerve 2 of the prothoracic ganglion. Immunoreactive varicose fibers occur mainly in a superficial position at the neurilemma, indicating neurosecretory storage and release of neuroactive compounds. The varicose fibers are projections from central or peripheral neurons that may extend over more than one segment. The peripheral fiber varicosities show segment-specific arrangements for each of the substances investigated. Immunoreactivity to histamine and octopamine is mainly found in the nerves of abdominal segments, whereas serotonin immunoreactivity is concentrated in subesophageal and terminal ganglion nerves. Immunoreactivity to FMRFamide and crustacean cardioactive peptide is widespread throughout all segments. Structures immunoreactive to leucokinin 1 are present in abdominal nerves, and proctolin immunostaining is found in the terminal ganglion and thoracic nerves. Codistribution of peripheral varicose fiber plexuses is regularly seen for amines and peptides, whereas the colocalization of substances in neurons has not been detected for any of the neuroactive compounds investigated. The varicose fiber system is regarded as complementary to the classical neurohemal organs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 281, no 1, 43-61 p.
Neurohemal areas, Neuropeptides, Monoamines, Immunocytochemistry, Nervous system, insect, Gryllus bimaculatus (Insecta)
Research subject Zoological physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-40033DOI: 10.1007/BF00307957PubMedID: 7621526OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-40033DiVA: diva2:326367