Crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone in the nervous system of the primitive crustacean species Daphnia magna and Artemia salina (Crustacea: Branchiopoda)
1997 (English)In: Cell and Tissue Research, ISSN 0302-766X, E-ISSN 1432-0878, Vol. 287, no 3, 565-576 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone-immunoreactive neuronal systems are detected in the central and peripheral nervous systems of two entomostracan crustaceans, Daphnia magna and Artemia salina, by immunocytochemistry using specific antisera against crustacean hyperglycaemic hormones of the decapod crustaceans Orconectes limosus and Carcinus maenas. In D. magna, four small putative interneurones are detected in the brain. In the thorax, ten bipolar peripheral neurones are stained by both antisera. They are obviously segmental homologues with centrally projecting axons that form interdigitating varicose fibres and terminals in putative neurohaemal areas next to the surface of the anterior part of the thoracic ganglia. Similar immunopositive neurones occur both in the central and peripheral nervous systems of A. salina. A total of five groups of neurones occur in the protocerebrum, the deutocerebrum and the mandibular ganglion. Some of the protocerebral neurones are bipolar and project to the dorsal frontal organ. A single pair of peripheral multipolar neurones in the maxillary segment projects centrally into the ventral nerve cord and innervates unidentified somatic muscles and tissues in the maxillary and the first appendage segments. None of the brain neurones in both species show similarities to decapod X-organ sinus gland neurosecretory neurones. Chromatography of brain extracts of D. magna combined with immunodot blotting revealed two strongly immunoreactive fractions at retention times close to that of the crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone of crayfish. Moreover, preabsorption controls suggest that the cross-reacting peptides of D. magna and A. salina are structurally closely related to those of decapods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 287, no 3, 565-576 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-40032PubMedID: 9023085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-40032DiVA: diva2:326368