Ecdysis of decapod crustaceans is associated with a dramatic release of crustacean cardioactive peptide into the haemolymph.
2000 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Biology, ISSN 0022-0949, Vol. 203, no Pt 3, 521-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
On the basis of detailed analyses of morphological characteristics and behavioural events associated with ecdysis in a crab (Carcinus maenas) and a crayfish (Orconectes limosus), a comprehensive substaging system has been introduced for the ecdysis stage of the moult cycle of these decapod crustaceans. In a remarkably similar stereotyped ecdysis sequence in both species, a passive phase of water uptake starting with bulging and rupture of thoracoabdominal exoskeletal junctions is followed by an active phase showing distinct behavioural changes involved in the shedding of the head appendages, abdomen and pereiopods. Together with an enzyme immunoassay for crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP), the substaging has been used to demonstrate a large, rapid and reproducible peak in haemolymph CCAP levels (increases of approximately 30-fold in the crab and more than 100-fold in the crayfish compared with intermoult titres) during the later stages of active ecdysis. We suggest that the release of CCAP (accumulated in late premoult) from the crab pericardial organs or the crayfish ventral nerve cord accounts for many of the changes in behaviour and physiology seen during ecdysis and that this neurohormone is likely to be of critical importance in crustaceans and other arthropods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 203, no Pt 3, 521-36 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-40029PubMedID: 10637181OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-40029DiVA: diva2:326372