International Trade, Foreign Investment, and the Formation of the Entrepreneurial Class
1983 (English)Report (Other academic)
In this paper, I examine the argument that free trade may be harmful to less developed countries, because sucj international competition inhibits the formation of a local entrepreneurial class. I view the entrepreneur as the manager of the industrial enterprise, as well as the agent who bears the risks associated with industrial production. A two.sector model of a small open economy is developed in which the size of the entrepreneurial class is endogenous.
It is shown that the entrepreneurial class is smaller under free trade than would be first-best optimal in the presence of efficient risk-sharing institutions such as stock markets. Nonetheless, there are potential gains from trade, and any protectionist policy that increases the number of entrepreneurs will have deleterious welfare consequences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: IIES , 1983. , 25 p.
Seminar Paper / Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University, ISSN 0347-8769 ; 260
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-41500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-41500DiVA: diva2:330765
Published in connection with a visit at the IIES.2010-07-202010-07-202010-07-20