Macroeconomic Effects of Active Labour Market Programmes: The Basic Theory
1993 (English)Report (Other academic)
The recent Western European policy debate on unemployment has emphasised the benefits of active labour market programmes. We provide a basic theoretical framework to analyse the effects on wage pressure and equilibrium employment that has hitherto been missing. Programmes are wage-reducing to the extent that they help maintain effective labour-force participation. But they may also weaken insider incentives for wage restraint as the disutility of lay-offs becomes smaller. Targeting the long-term unemployed is cricual for the success of active labour market policy, since the welfare effects in the laid-off then are more heavily discounted and employment opportunities are redistributed from insiders to outsiders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: IIES , 1993. , 41 p.
Seminar Paper / Institute for International Economic Studies, Stockholm University, ISSN 0347-8769 ; 541
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-41860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-41860DiVA: diva2:338012