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Stratification and Mortality: A comparison of education, class, status and income
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2010 (English)In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 26, no 4, 465-474 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many analyses of social inequality in health, different dimensions of social stratification have been used more or less interchangeably as measures of the individual's general social standing. This procedure, however, has been questioned in previous studies, most of them comparing education, class, and/or income. In this article, the importance of education and income as well as two aspects of occupation—class and status—is examined. The results are based on register data and refer to all Swedish employees in the age range 35–59 years. There are clear gradients in total death risk for all socioeconomic factors except income from work among women. The size of the independent effects of education, class, status, and income differ between men and women. For both sexes, there are clear net associations between education and mortality. Class and income show independent effects on mortality only for men and status shows an independent effect only for women. While different stratification dimensions—education, social class, income, status—all can be used to show a ‘social gradient’ with mortality, each of them seems to have a specific effect in addition to the general effect related to the stratification of society for either men or women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 26, no 4, 465-474 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sociology
Research subject
Social Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42026DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcp034ISI: 000280939500006OAI: diva2:343726
Available from: 2010-08-16 Created: 2010-08-16 Last updated: 2013-09-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Equality in Death?: How the Social Positions of Individuals and Families are Linked to Mortality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Equality in Death?: How the Social Positions of Individuals and Families are Linked to Mortality
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Socioeconomic positions of individuals are clearly associated with the chances of living a healthy long life. In four empirical studies based on Swedish population registers, two topics are examined in this thesis: The relationships between different indicators of social position and mortality, and the importance of family members’ socioeconomic resources for the survival of the individual.

The overall conclusion from the separate studies is that no single individual socioeconomic factor gives a complete picture of mortality inequalities. Further, the socioeconomic resources of partners and adult children are important in addition to the individual ones. The specific results from each study include that:

I education, social class, social status and income are, to various extent, independently associated with mortality risk. Education and social status are related to women’s mortality, and education, social class, and income to men’s mortality.

II one partner’s social position is related to the other partner’s survival, also when individual socioeconomic factors are statistically controlled for. In particular, men’s mortality is linked to their wives’ education and women’s mortality to their husbands’ social class.

III adult children’s education is related to their parents’ risk of dying, also when both parents’ socioeconomic resources are taken into consideration. Further, the association between the offspring’s level of education and parental mortality cannot be explained by charac­teristics that parents share with their siblings.

IV children’s social class and income are related to parental mortality, but not as strongly as the education of the children. There is no relationship between a mother’s own education and breast cancer mortality, while mothers seem to have better chances of surviving breast cancer if they have well-educated children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2013. 42 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 89
Health inequality, mortality, socioeconomic factors, education, social class, social status, income, marital partner, intergenerational, child-parent relationship, cause of death, Sweden
National Category
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-94134 (URN)978-91-7447-773-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-11-08, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)

At the time of doctoral defence the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Manuscript

Available from: 2013-10-17 Created: 2013-09-27 Last updated: 2013-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Torssander, JennyErikson, Robert
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