Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The psychophysiology of flow during piano playing
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
2010 (English)In: Emotion, ISSN 1528-3542, E-ISSN 1931-1516, Vol. 10, no 3, 301-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Expert performance is commonly accompanied by a subjective state of optimal experience called flow. Previous research has shown positive correlations between flow and quality of performance and suggests that flow may function as a reward signal that promotes practice. Here, piano playing was used as a flow-inducing behavior in order to analyze the relationship between subjective flow reports and psychophysiological measures. Professional classical pianists were asked to play a musical piece and then rate state flow. The performance was repeated five times in order to induce a variation in flow, keeping other factors constant, while recording the arterial pulse pressure waveform, respiration, head movements, and activity from the corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major facial muscles. A significant relation was found between flow and heart period, blood pressure, heart rate variability, activity of the zygomaticus major muscle, and respiratory depth. These findings are discussed in relation to current models of emotion, attention, and expertise, and flow is proposed to be a state of effortless attention, which arises through an interaction between positive affect and high attention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 10, no 3, 301-11 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42149DOI: 10.1037/a0018432ISI: 000278378200001PubMedID: 20515220Local ID: P2809OAI: diva2:344179
Available from: 2010-08-18 Created: 2010-08-18 Last updated: 2011-11-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Theorell, Töres
By organisation
Stress Research Institute
In the same journal
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 75 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link