Different problems – same treatment: Swedish juvenile offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 20, no 1, 87-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Young delinquents may be regarded as children in need of rehabilitation or as offenders deserving of consequences proportional to the committed crime. The focus has increasingly been on the latter, while research shows that individual risk assessment is essential for effective rehabilitation. This study explored self-reported history of antisocial behaviour among Swedish male offenders 15-17 years of age (n=189) who were sentenced to participate in rehabilitative programmes conducted by local social services. Antisocial behaviour was extensive and, according to a principal component analysis, consisted of three dimensions: (i) adolescent delinquency; (ii) violence and theft, (iii) drug-related crimes. Using cluster analysis, the participants were divided into four subgroups representing different levels and characteristics of delinquency, which explained 73 per cent of the variance in antisocial behaviour. The conclusion is that assignment to rehabilitative programmes appeared unrelated to subgroups, i.e. to risk level. Organisational obstacles to an evidence based practice are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 1, 87-96 p.
antisocial behaviour, juvenile offenders, adolescence, developmental psychology, youth justice, self-ratings
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42458DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2397.2009.00697.xISI: 000284894500010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-42458DiVA: diva2:346493