Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Swedish young offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes: Patterns of antisocial behaviour, mental health, and recidivism
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis was to explore patterns of antisocial behaviour, mental health and recidivism among Swedish young offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes (n=189). Study I explored the character and severity of self-reported behavioural problems prior to programme participation.  Four distinct subgroups were identified: subgroup (SG) 1 (n=60), boys exhibiting adolescent delinquency; SG 2 (n=65), boys exhibi­ting pronounced adolescent delinquency; SG 3 (n=48), boys exhibiting pronounced adolescent delinquency as well as criminality including violence; SG 4 (n=16), boys exhibiting pronounced adolescent delinquency as well as criminality including violence and drug-related crimes.

Study II investigated the mental health of the participants, by means of the Strengths and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ). When relating SDQ-scores to the previously identified subgroups, SG 1 with the least prominent history of antisocial behaviour was found to resemble a normative sample, while the subgroups with more extensive histories of antisocial behaviour had significantly elevated scores on the hyperactivity/inattention and conduct problem scales.

Study III investigated recidivism in criminality in the 18-months following programme start, finding that 60% of the participants had been registered as suspected of new crimes. SG 3 and 4 with the most extensive histories of antisocial behaviour were responsible for a significantly larger part of recidivism than expected. By contrast, SG 1, reporting the least antisocial behaviour in their past, was responsible for a significantly smaller part of the recidivism. This was true for all crimes as well as crimes of violence specifically, confirming the subgroups identified based on the self-reports.

The results are related to developmental theories of antisocial behaviour and to contemporary research on risk assessment. Implications for the practice of rehabilitation of convicted young offenders are discussed. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2010. , 67 p.
Keyword [en]
Young offenders, Rehabilitation, Adolescence, Developmental psychology, Prevention, Risk assessment, Juvenile justice, Recidivism, Mental health
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42465ISBN: 978-91-7447-120-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-42465DiVA: diva2:346503
Public defence
2010-10-01, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: In press Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Submitted.Available from: 2010-09-09 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Different problems – same treatment: Swedish juvenile offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different problems – same treatment: Swedish juvenile offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 20, no 1, 87-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young delinquents may be regarded as children in need of rehabilitation or as offenders deserving of consequences proportional to the committed crime. The focus has increasingly been on the latter, while research shows that individual risk assessment is essential for effective rehabilitation. This study explored self-reported history of antisocial behaviour among Swedish male offenders 15-17 years of age (n=189) who were sentenced to participate in rehabilitative programmes conducted by local social services. Antisocial behaviour was extensive and, according to a principal component analysis, consisted of three dimensions: (i) adolescent delinquency; (ii) violence and theft, (iii) drug-related crimes. Using cluster analysis, the participants were divided into four subgroups representing different levels and characteristics of delinquency, which explained 73 per cent of the variance in antisocial behaviour. The conclusion is that assignment to rehabilitative programmes appeared unrelated to subgroups, i.e. to risk level. Organisational obstacles to an evidence based practice are discussed.

Keyword
antisocial behaviour, juvenile offenders, adolescence, developmental psychology, youth justice, self-ratings
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42458 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2397.2009.00697.x (DOI)000284894500010 ()
Available from: 2010-09-10 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. Self-reported strengths and difficulties in Swedish young offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-reported strengths and difficulties in Swedish young offenders in community-based rehabilitative programmes
(English)In: Child & Youth Care Forum, ISSN 1053-1890Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Mental health was investigated in a representative group of Swedish male offenders, 15-17 years of age,  referred to community based rehabilitative programmes (n=188). Self -report scores of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) were compared to those of a norm group, for the entire sample and for three subgroups with different levels of antisocial behaviour. The young offenders reported elevated levels of total difficulties, conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention, significantly more scores in the clinical range and more negative impact on everyday life. The heterogeneity was substantial, and the subgroup with the most extensive history of antisocial behaviour was largely responsible for the overall results. Screening for mental health should be part of routine assessment, particularly in youths with extensive histories of antisocial behaviour.

Keyword
Juvenile offenders, juvenile justice, psychological adjustment, SDQ
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Clinical Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42461 (URN)
Available from: 2010-09-10 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2010-09-10Bibliographically approved
3. Recidivism in convicted young offenders participating in community-based rehabilitative programmes: 18-month follow-up of 189 Swedish male offenders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recidivism in convicted young offenders participating in community-based rehabilitative programmes: 18-month follow-up of 189 Swedish male offenders
(English)In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Recidivism over 18 months was investigated in a representative group of Swedish male offenders, 15-17 years old, who had been referred to community based rehabilitative programmes (n=189). Also, registry data on earlier contacts with social services and previous convictions was collected.  Eighteen months after programme start, 60% of the young offenders were registered as suspected of new crimes, 48% for crime of violence.  Previous contacts with social services had been documented for 44%, and 30% were registered as previously convicted. However, the group was highly heterogeneous, and all registry data corresponded well with self-reported history of antisocial behaviour collected at programme start, by which three subgroups (n=60, 64 and 64, respectively)  with significantly different problem profiles had been identified. Results are discussed in relation to developmental theories of antisocial development, and the need to adher o the risk principle when designing interventions for young offenders. 

Keyword
antisocial behaviour, young offenders, juvenile justice, adolescence, recidivism, developmental psychology
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Clinical Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42464 (URN)
Available from: 2010-09-10 Created: 2010-09-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2112 kB)2842 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2112 kBChecksum SHA-512
184e794ebe9fda90aa20babcd20470e855c91688366bfe80281d81a18244292c8f5f09ae31b856e268bbef8ebbe8b13fbe43d5aa0ef95eacc6e0abb5bdc7fc09
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ginner Hau, Hanna
By organisation
Department of Psychology
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2842 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1705 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf