Economic vulnerability and adolescent health: Fragile family finances and health functioning among Swedish adolescents
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine: The Offical Journal of the International Society of Behavioral Medcine / [ed] Joost Dekker, Springer , 2010, S275-S275 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Background: While adult health is known to vary by socioeconomic status (SES) and gender, less is known about the linkages between socioeconomic circumstances and various aspects of health in adolescents.
Aim: This study set out to investigate how household financial insecurity relates to different aspects of health in adolescent girls and boys aged 10-18.
Method: Data came from the Swedish Child LNU and Child-Ulf studies of 2000-2003 that include approximately 5400 children aged 10-18 who answered questions relating to health. Parents were also asked to report "cash-margin" a frequently used single-item measure asking whether parents can access 12,000 SEK in a week's time if they have to.
Results: A majority, 85% of the parents were able to access 12,000 SEK in a week if necessary while 15% were unable to do so. Analyses performed separately for girls and boys showed significant main effects of cash margin on somatic health, negative functioning and positive functioning for both groups. There was no significant age x cash margin interactions. Cash margin was significantly related to stomach ache, insomnia, difficulties concentrating, irritability, short temperedness, sadness, tension/nervousness, belief in the future, endurance and happy mood in both girls and boys. Girls with no cash margin reported more headache while boys with no cash margin reported higher levels of self-assurance. No other significant relationships emerged.
Discussion: While most previous studies use symptom and problem indices, this study covers multiple aspects of health functioning. To conclude, fragile family finances during adolescence as reflected in poor positive functioning and high levels of negative functioning suggest stressful living conditions that may influence academic achievement, life-choices and future health.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer , 2010. S275-S275 p.
Child health and well-being, positive functioning, negative functioning
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Psychology Sociology
Research subject Psychology; Sociology; Social Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-42471DiVA: diva2:346540
International Congress of Behavioral Medicine
ProjectsSkolans betydelse för de ungas psykiska och psykosomatiska hälsa