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Where have all the verbs gone? On verb stretching and semi-words in Indo-Aryan Palula.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3907-0930
2010 (English)In: Himalayan Linguistics Journal, ISSN 1544-7502, Vol. 9, no 1, 51-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The prevalence of complex predicates consisting of a verb component (verbalizer) and a non-verb component (host) is well-known from descriptions of languages in large parts of West and South Asia. Looking particularly at data from the hitherto less-studied Indo-Aryan Palula (Chitral Valley, Pakistan), we will explore their position within the total verb lexicon. Instead of regarding the verbalizers and hosts as building blocks that due to their respective properties license particular argument structures, as has been done in some previous descriptions, I propose that it is the construction as a whole, and its semantics, that assigns case and selects arguments. Rather than seeing a strict dichotomy between verbalizers (also called “light verbs”) used in complex predicates and the corresponding simple verbs, a few highly generic verbs (BECOME, DO, GIVE) seem to be exposed to a high degree of “stretching”. As such they stand as syntactic models – basic argument templates (BAT) – when forming novel complexes, sometimes involving host elements that lack a lexical identity of their own (hence semi-words) in the language as of today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 9, no 1, 51-79 p.
Keyword [en]
Palula, light verbs, complex predicates, basic argument templates, semi-words, verb stretching
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-42577OAI: diva2:349836
Available from: 2010-09-09 Created: 2010-09-08 Last updated: 2013-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Liljegren, Henrik
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