Inhomogeneous cosmologies with clustered dark energy or a local matter void
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In the standard model of cosmology, the universe is currently dominated by dark energy in the form of the cosmological constant that drives the expansion to accelerate. While the cosmological constant hypothesis is consistent with all current data, models with dynamical behaviour of dark energy are still allowed by observations. Uncertainty also remains over whether the underlying assumption of a homogeneous and isotropic universe is valid, or if large-scale inhomogeneities in the matter distribution can be the cause of the apparent late-time acceleration.This thesis investigates inhomogeneous cosmological models in which dark energy clusters or where we live inside an underdense region in a matter-dominated universe. In both of these scenarios, we expect directional dependences in the redshift-luminosity distance relation of type Ia supernovae. Dynamical models of dark energy predict spatial variations in the dark energy density. Searches for angular correlated fluctuations in the supernova peak magnitudes, as expected if dark energy clusters, yield results consistent with no dark energy fluctuations. However, the current observational limits on the amount of correlation still allow for quite general dark energy clustering occurring in the linear regime. Inhomogeneous models where we live inside a large, local void in the matter density can possibly explain the apparent acceleration without invoking dark energy. This scenario is confronted with current cosmological distance measurements to put constraints on the size and depth of the void, as well as on our position within it. The model is found to explain the observations only if the void size is of the order of the visible universe and the observer is located very close to the center, in violation of the Copernican principle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University , 2010. , 76 p.
dark energy, type Ia supernova, inhomogeneous
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject Astronomy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43100ISBN: 978-91-7447-145-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-43100DiVA: diva2:353689
2010-11-05, FB42, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ferreira, Pedro, Professor
Mörtsell, Edvard, Dr
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Accepted.2010-10-142010-09-282010-10-18Bibliographically approved
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