The effect of emphatic stress on consonant vowel coarticulation
2007 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, Vol. 121, no 6, 3802-3813 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study assessed the acoustic coarticulatory effects of phrasal accent on [V1.CV2] sequences, when separately applied to V1 or V2, surrounding the voiced stops [b], [d], and [g]. Three adult speakers each produced 360 tokens (six V1 contexts x ten V2 contexts x three stops x two emphasis conditions). Realizing that anticipatory coarticulation of V2 onto the intervocalic C can be influenced by prosodic effects, as well as by vowel context effects, a modified locus equation regression metric was used to isolate the effect of phrasal accent on consonantal F2 onsets,independently of prosodically induced vowel expansion effects. The analyses revealed two main emphasis-dependent effects: systematic differences in F2 onset values and the expected expansion of vowel space. By accounting for the confounding variable of stress-induced vowel space expansion, a small but consistent coarticulatory effect of emphatic stress on the consonant was uncovered in lingually produced stops, but absent in labial stops. Formant calculations based on tube models indicated similarly increased F2 onsets when stressed /d/ and /g/ were simulated with deeper occlusions resulting from more forceful closure movements during phrasal accented speech.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: American Institute of Physics , 2007. Vol. 121, no 6, 3802-3813 p.
speech, speech synthesis
General Language Studies and Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43463DOI: 10.1121/1.2730622ISI: 000247410500052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-43463DiVA: diva2:356990