Climate change between the mid and late Holocene in northern high latitudes: Part 2: Model-data comparisons
2010 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, Vol. 6, 609-626 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The climate response over northern high latitudesto the mid-Holocene orbital forcing has been investigated inthree types of PMIP (Paleoclimate Modelling IntercomparisonProject) simulations with different complexity of themodelled climate system. By first undertaking model-datacomparison, an objective selection method has been appliedto evaluate the capability of the climate models to reproducethe spatial response pattern seen in proxy data. The possiblefeedback mechanisms behind the climate response havebeen explored based on the selected model simulations. Subsequentmodel-model comparisons indicate the importanceof including the different physical feedbacks in the climatemodels. The comparisons between the proxy-based reconstructionsand the best fit selected simulations show that overthe northern high latitudes, summer temperature change followsclosely the insolation change and shows a commonfeature with strong warming over land and relatively weakwarming over ocean at 6 ka compared to 0 ka. Furthermore,the sea-ice-albedo positive feedback enhances this response.The reconstructions of temperature show a strongerresponse to enhanced insolation in the annual mean temperaturethan winter and summer temperature. This is verified inthe model simulations and the behaviour is attributed to thelarger contribution from the large response in autumn. Despitea smaller insolation during winter at 6 ka, a pronouncedwarming centre is found over Barents Sea in winter in thesimulations, which is also supported by the nearby northernEurasian continental and Fennoscandian reconstructions.This indicates that in the Arctic region, the response of theocean and the sea ice to the enhanced summer insolationis more important for the winter temperature than the synchronousdecrease of the insolation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göttingen: Copernicus Publications , 2010. Vol. 6, 609-626 p.
Climate change, Holocene, PMIP, northern high latitudes
Research subject Meteorology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43500DOI: 10.5194/cp-6-609-2010ISI: 000283667900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-43500DiVA: diva2:357352
ProjectsHolocene Climate Variabililty over Scandinavia