Chlorinated paraffins in the Swedish atmosphere: spatial and seasonal variability
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants of concern, as indicated by the recent addition of the short-chained CPs as a new Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) in the United Nations Eco-nomic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) (United Nations, 2010). Howev-er, knowledge about the occurrence of CPs in the environment, and in the atmosphere in particular, is limited. To address this, ambient air samples were collected over a 10 month period at an urban site and a rural site in Sweden, and analyzed for the sum of the short-chained, me-dium-chained and long-chained CPs. The CP concentrations ranged from 0.7-33 ng/m3, and they were significantly higher at the urban site. The low volatile CP congeners dominated in the samples, and this domin-ance was more pronounced at the urban site. Particle-bound and ga-seous CPs were determined separately in several samples, and between 50 and 90 % of the CPs were estimated to be in the gas phase. A clear seasonality in the concentrations was observed, with levels in summer that were about 5 times higher than in winter. This indicates that tem-perature dependent emission from urban sources is a major source of the CPs in air. Diffusive emissions from building materials are likely to make a major contribution.
Chlorinated paraffins, CPs, polychlorinated n-alkanes, PCAs, air
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-43556DiVA: diva2:357895