PHASES IN THE ZRXTA1-X(O,N)Y SYSTEM, FORMED BY AMMONOLYSIS OF ZR-TA GELS - PREPARATION OF A BADDELEYITE-TYPE SOLID-SOLUTION PHASE ZRXTA1-XO1+XN1-X, O-LESS-THAN-OR-EQUAL-TO-X-LESS-THAN-OR-EQUAL-TO-1
1994 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, ISSN 0959-9428, E-ISSN 1364-5501, Vol. 4, 1293-1301 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Phase formation in the system ZrxTa1-x(O,N)y has been studied by ammonolysis of Zr-Ta gels, prepared by the sol-gel technique, at temperatures between 700 and 1000-degrees-C. The starting gels and observed phases were characterised by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) and thermogravimetric (TG) analysis. Oxynitride phases of compositions ZrxTa1-xO1+xN1-x, 0 less-than-or-equal-to x less-than-or-equal-to 1, with the baddeleyite-type structure, were prepared at 800-degrees-C. The unit-cell volume increased linearly from 127.8 angstrom3 for TaON (x = 0) to 140.9 angstrom3 for ZrO2 (x = 1). The structure was verified for the composition Zr0.4Ta0.6O1.6N0.4 (x = 0.4) by a Rietveld refinement (R(F) = 3.5%) using Cu-Kalpha1 XRPD data. An orthorhombic oxynitride phase was observed in preparations at 700-degrees-C for 0.26 less-than-or-equal-to x less-than-or-equal-to 0.90 in ZrxTa1-xO1+xN1-x. Unit-cell parameters and powder X-ray reflection intensities agree with an orthorhombic ZrO2 type structure. According to X-ray data, a cubic solid solution phase with a fluorite related subcell is present in materials prepared at 900-degrees-C for 0.26 less-than-or-equal-to x less-than-or-equal-to 0.68. However, electron microdiffraction patterns suggest a metrically monoclinic unit cell with a = 6.1 angstrom, b = 14.1 angstrom, c = 7.1 angstrom and beta = 125-degrees. The Ta3N5 type of structure was found to incorporate up to ca. 18 atom% Zr at 900 and 1000-degrees-C.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 4, 1293-1301 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-43902DOI: 10.1039/JM9940401293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-43902DiVA: diva2:359733