Nature conservation for what?: Analyses of urban and rural nature reserves in southern Sweden 1909-2006
2013 (English)In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 117, 66-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To effectively integrate nature conservation in sustainable landscape management, it isessential to deepen the understanding of why, what, where and for whom nature isprotected. This is especially important for nature conservation in human dominatedlandscapes such as cities, where the distance between built up and protected areas is inconstant decline due to urbanisation worldwide. In this study we use historical andcurrent data from Sweden to examine how urban compared to rural nature conservationhave been using formal nature reserve objectives. The focal nature conservationobjectives in our study area were preservation of biodiversity, restoration ofenvironments and outdoor recreation, as well as subdivision of those. The use of theseobjectives were analysed for 1869 nature reserves in relation to degree of urbanisation.We found that nature reserves in more urbanised landscapes were based on a highernumber of objectives. The urban reserves also had a different composition of objectives,where the objectives outdoor recreation and biodiversity preservation were morecommon in urban than in rural reserves. During the last decades we detected a shift inuse of objectives in urban areas, going from biodiversity preservation to a strongerfocus on outdoor recreation. National and global trends in the nature conservationdebate could also be seen as reflected in the use of objectives. To ensure its adaptivecapacity, we stress that urban nature conservation needs a more proactive strategy,where potential future social as well as ecological values must be embraced and notonly existing ones.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 117, 66-80 p.
protected areas, urban landscapes, nature conservation, objectives, biodiversity, outdoor recreation, Sweden
Environmental Sciences Ecology
Research subject Systems Ecology; Natural Resources Management; Conservation Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-46153DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.04.010ISI: 000322299500007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-46153DiVA: diva2:371697