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Three-dimensional structure analysis by X-ray micro-computed tomography of macroporous alumina templated with expandable microspheres
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry. (Material chemistry)
Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Materials Chemistry. (Material chemistry)
2010 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 30, no 12, 2547-2554 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The three-dimensional (3D) structures of macroporous alumina, produced by a novel method that combines gel casting with expandable polymericmicrospheres as a sacrificial templating material, have been characterised by X-ray micro-computed tomography (µ-CT). The grey-scale intensitytomogram data produced by the X-ray µ-CT was segmented into porous and solid phases and the individual pores were identified. We comparedtwo-dimensional slices of the analysed data with the corresponding scanning electron microscopy images and showed that the structural featuresof the pores were well reproduced in the X-ray µ-CT images. 3D visualisations of the pore structure and the pore network were also shown. Theopen porosity obtained from X-ray µ-CT corresponded well with the porosity derived from mercury porosimetry for pores larger than the voxeldimension (3 µm). The quantitative analysis also yielded information on the spatial variations in porosity and the number of connected neighboursof pores. The 3D data was used to relate the calculated permeability to the open porosity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 30, no 12, 2547-2554 p.
Keyword [en]
Porosity; X-ray methods; Non-destructive evaluation; Al2O3; Expandable microspheres
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-46705DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2010.05.003ISI: 000280029400016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-46705DiVA: diva2:372138
Projects
Berzelii center EXSELENT on porous materials are acknowledged
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2010-11-26 Created: 2010-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Shaping Macroporous Ceramics: templated synthesis, X-ray tomography and permeability
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaping Macroporous Ceramics: templated synthesis, X-ray tomography and permeability
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Macroporous ceramic materials have found widespread technological application ranging from particulate filters in diesel engines, tissue engineering scaffolds, and as support materials in carbon capture processes. This thesis demonstrates how the pore space of macroporous alumina can be manipulated, analysed in three-dimensions (3D) using visualisation techniques, and functionalised with a CO2-adsorbing material.

A novel method was developed to produce macroporous alumina materials: by combining sacrificial templating with thermally expandable polymeric microspheres and gel-casting of an alumina suspension. This method offers a versatile production of macroporous ceramics in which the level of porosity and the pore size distribution can easily be altered by varying the amount and type of spheres. The permeability to fluid flow could be regulated by controlling the connectivity of the pore space and the size of the smallest constrictions between the pores. Sacrificial templating with particle-coated expandable spheres significantly increased the fraction of isolated pore clusters and reduced both the sizes and the numbers of connections between neighbouring pores, compared to templating with un-coated spheres.

The macroporous alumina materials were characterised with X-ray micro-computed tomography (μ-CT). The 3D data-sets obtained by X-ray μ-CT were used to calculate the spatial variation in porosity, the throat and pore size distributions and to calculate the permeability to fluid flow. The throat and pore size distributions were also able to be accurately quantified in only one extrusion and intrusion cycle with water-based porosimetry; a relatively novel and simple characterisation technique. The pore walls of the macroporous alumina materials were also coated with zeolite films by a colloidal processing technique. The CO2-uptake of the coated alumina materials and of hierarchically porous monoliths of zeolites was evaluated and compared.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2011. 60 p.
Keyword
Alumina, ceramic, CO2 capture, colloidal processing, expandable microspheres, gel casting, layer-by-layer, macroporosity, near-net shape, non-destructive evaluation, permeability, porosity, sacrificial templating, X-ray computed tomography
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54677 (URN)978-91-7447-180-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-03-11, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
As the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted. Paper 5: Manuscript. Paper 6: Submitted.Available from: 2011-02-17 Created: 2011-02-10 Last updated: 2011-02-11Bibliographically approved

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