Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Low salivary cortisol levels in infants of families with an anthroposophic lifestyle
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)In: Psychoneuroendocrinology, ISSN 0306-4530, E-ISSN 1873-3360, Vol. 35, no 10, 1431-1437 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The anthroposophic lifestyle implies environmental conditions for the infant aimed at reducing negative stress stimulation and is also related to a lower prevalence of allergic diseases in children. One aim of this prospective birth cohort study was to assess stress levels in infants with an anthroposophic lifestyle. A total of 330 infants from families with anthroposophic or more conventional lifestyles were followed from pregnancy of their mothers until the age of 6 months. Information on lifestyle factors was obtained from questionnaires. Salivary samples from 210 6-month olds and their parents were collected on three occasions during 1 day for analysis of cortisol. Infants from families with an anthroposophic lifestyle had significantly lower cortisol levels on all three sampling occasions compared to other infants. In the morning, the geometric means of salivary cortisol concentration (with 95% confidence limits) were 8.8 nmol/l (6.7-11.5), 11.3 nmol/l (9.3-13.7) and 14.9 nmol/l (11.3-19.6) in infants classified as anthroposophic, partly anthroposophic and non-anthroposophic, respectively (p=0.018). On the other hand, there was no difference in cortisol levels between the parents in the different groups. Several lifestyle factors differed significantly between the groups, but none of them independently explained the difference in cortisol levels. However, living on a farm during pregnancy was significantly associated with low saliva cortisol level in the infant. It can be concluded that low salivary cortisol levels in infants from anthroposophic families may be related to an environment with a lower degree of exposure to stress, which could influence the development of allergic diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 35, no 10, 1431-1437 p.
Keyword [en]
Cortisol, HPA-axis, Stress, Children, Lifestyle, Environment
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-46960DOI: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.05.010ISI: 000284517600002PubMedID: 20580492OAI: diva2:372446
Available from: 2010-11-25 Created: 2010-11-25 Last updated: 2011-11-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lindblad, FrankTheorell, Töres
By organisation
Stress Research Institute
In the same journal
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 41 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link