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A multiproxy lake record from Inner Mongolia displays a late Holocene teleconnection between central Asian and North Atlantic climate
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences. (Marine Geology)
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2010 (English)In: Quaternary International, ISSN 1040-6182, Vol. 227, no 2, 170-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to study how the Holocene Central Asian climate is coupled to the global climate system, a 4.24 m long lake core from western Inner Mongolia in China was studied using a multiproxy approach. Sedimentology and geochemical parameters such as gypsum and dolomite content, presence of lakeshore sand changing to aeolian sand, and changes in paleomagnetic properties bear witness to a trend toward a generally drier climate over the late Holocene. Aridification is linked to the southward retreat of the northern boundary of the Asian summer monsoon, leaving central Asia under the influence of the westerly belt. The weakening of the Asian summer monsoon in turn was caused by an orbitally driven decrease in summer insolation. The weakening summer insolation also likely increased the intensity of the Siberian High pressure system, further promoting aridification of central Asia. On a shorter time scale, the multiproxy record shows the climate to have been relatively dry during the Medieval Warm Period (AD 800–1100) with the ensuing humid environment at the end of this period gradually turning to become extremely dry (AD 1100–1550) at the Little Ice Age Maximum. Switches in the North Atlantic Oscillation caused these changes through a teleconnection in the form of westerlies. These westerlies provided most of central Asia’s moisture after the retreat of the Asian summer monsoon. The central Asian climate therefore corresponds closely with late Holocene European climate changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 227, no 2, 170-182 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-47373DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2010.03.005ISI: 000284495400008OAI: diva2:373826
Available from: 2010-12-07 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2011-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Löwemark, Ludvig
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