In situ measurements of radionuclide concentration in soil: An investigation into detector properties and methods
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In case of a release of radioactive nuclides into the environment it is necessary to have reliable methods to estimate the potential effect on people and the ecosystem. In this context the total activity deposited, the elemental composition and the depth distribution are of importance.
An efficient in situ method to estimate the average contamination over larger areas using high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors has been developed. The method combines simulation of photon transport with measured detector properties. The total activity of 137Cs determined from gamma-ray spectra recorded in situ are compared to results from soil sampling.
Another in situ method has been developed to determine the depth distribution of a radionuclide contamination, using an array of small detectors inserted into the ground, as an alternative to the standard procedure of soil sampling. The possibility to use cadmium telluride (CdTe) detectors as well as lanthanum bromide (LaBr3) detectors has been investigated. As a demonstration of the developed method the small-scale variation of the activity distributions in an area covering 350 m2 have been measured and is compared to results obtained by other methods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University , 2010. , 80 p.
In situ gamma-ray spectrometry, LaBr3, CdTe, Cs-137, soil samples
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-47398ISBN: 978-91-7447-192-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-47398DiVA: diva2:373882
2011-01-28, sal FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Isaksson, Mats, Professor
Bargholtz, Christoph, Professor
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 4: Submitted. 2011-01-032010-12-012010-12-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers