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Effects of estimated herbivory on the reproductivepotential of four East African algal species – a mechanismbehind ecosystem shifts on coral reefs?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
(Marine Programs, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, NY, USA)
2007 (English)In: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 575, no 1, 57-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this field study was toinvestigate effects of estimated fish- and seaurchin herbivory on the reproductive potential offour species of macroalgae; Halimeda macroloba(Decasine), H. renschii (Hauck), Turbinaria ornata(Turner) and Padina boergesenii (Allender etKraft). Fish and sea urchin herbivory were calculatedbased on reported consumption rates fortheir biomass estimates. We hypothesized thatreduced herbivory would increase algal size andthe reproductive potential, which may promotealgal recruitment and be one of the drivingmechanisms behind algal shifts and persistent algae-dominated reefs. Algae were investigated infield sites where the estimated fish- and or seaurchin herbivory differed. Our results suggest thatalgal fecundity of T. ornata and P. boergesenii arepositively correlated to their size. Fecundity ofT. ornata was higher and individuals grew largerin areas where estimated fish herbivory was lower.The two species of Halimeda grew larger andhad higher fecundity in areas where estimatedsea urchin herbivory was lower. P. boergeseniiresponded ambiguously to patterns in herbivory.Due to species-specific responses to differentherbivores, it is difficult to generalize abouteffects of overfishing on algal fecundity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 575, no 1, 57-68 p.
Keyword [en]
Macroalgae, Herbivory, Reproduction, Coral Reefs, Ecosystem change
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48271DOI: 10.1007/s10750-006-0282-1ISI: 000242505000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-48271DiVA: diva2:374801
Available from: 2010-12-06 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Macroalgal community dynamics on coral reefs: Implications for management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Macroalgal community dynamics on coral reefs: Implications for management
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although rather inconspicuous on healthy coral reefs, macroalgae form the basis of coral food webs. Today, macroalgae are generally increasing and many reefs undergo transitions from coral to macroalgal dominance resulting from e.g. enhanced nutrient loading or increased fishing.

This thesis aims to investigate the relative importance of top-down and bottom-up regulation, and different herbivore types, on macroalgal distribution, fecundity and community composition on coral reefs. Papers I and II indicate that macroalgal abundance in a coral reef system is largely governed by top-down regulation through grazing by herbivores, while bottom-up regulation through enhanced nutrient availability rather influence algal species composition. Paper II also shows that these regulating effects are not as evident in an area with relatively strong water motion, suggesting that impacts of anthropogenic disturbance may be site-specific. Paper III shows that herbivory is an important factor influencing macroalgal growth and subsequent reproduction. Furthermore, Paper IV and V conclude that efficiency in removing macroalgal biomass is dependent on the type of dominant herbivore, where sea urchins seem to be more effective than fish. Paper IV indicates a seasonal variation in macroalgal biomass and distribution in a small geographic scale but with relatively high temporal resolution. Paper V on the other hand shows these same effects, but with a focus on geographic variation, including a large part of the East African region, as well as between year temporal variations in Kenya. Together, results from the two latter studies indicate that herbivory by fish may not be able to prevent a macroalgal bloom in a degraded system where substrate availability for algal colonization is high, but that it may still facilitate coral recovery over time. Thus, a large algal biomass may not necessarily indicate a reef beyond the possibility of recovery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 2011. 46 p.
Keyword
Macroalgae, Coral Reefs, Herbivory, Nutrients, Ecosystem change, Fish, Sea Urchins, East Africa
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Marine Ecotoxicology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48281 (URN)978-91-7447-200-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-01-28, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
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Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Accepted. Paper 4: Manuscript. Paper 5: Manuscript.

Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2013-12-09Bibliographically approved

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