Application of nano-scale Josephson junction as phase sensitive detector for analysis of vortex states in mesoscopic superconductors
2010 (English)In: Physica. C, Superconductivity, ISSN 0921-4534, Vol. 570, no 19, 890-892 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We study phase shifts in a Josephson junction induced by vortices in superconducting mesoscopic electrodes. The position of the vortices are controlled by suitable geometry of a nano-scale Nb–Pt1−xNix–Nb junction of the overlap type made by Focused Ion Beam (FIB) sculpturing. The vortex is kept outside the junction, parallel to the junction plane. From the measured Fraunhofer characteristics the entrance and exit of vortices are detected. By changing the bias current through the junction at constant magnetic field the vortices can be manipulated and the system can be switched between two consecutive vortex states which are characterized by different critical currents of the junction. A mesoscopic superconductor thus acts as a non-volatile memory cell in which the junction is used both for reading and writing information (vortex). Furthermore, we observe that the critical current density of Nb–Pt1−xNix–Nb junctions decreases non-monotonously with increasing Ni concentration. It exhibits a minimum at 40 at.% Ni, which is an indication of switching into the π state.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 570, no 19, 890-892 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48326DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2010.02.039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-48326DiVA: diva2:375197