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Characterizing the Properties of Clusters of Galaxies as a Function of Luminosity and Redshift
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. (CoPS)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. (CoPS)
2009 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 696, 1029-1050 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the application of the new Monte Carlo method, smoothed particle inference (SPI, described in a pair of companion papers), toward analysis and interpretation of X-ray observations of clusters of galaxies with the XMM-Newton satellite. Our sample consists of publicly available well exposed observations of clusters at redshifts z > 0.069, totaling 101 objects. We determine the luminosity and temperature structure of the X-ray emitting gas, with the goal to quantify the scatter and the evolution of the LX -T relation, as well as to investigate the dependence on cluster substructure with redshift. This work is important for the establishment of the potential robustness of mass estimates from X-ray data which in turn is essential toward the use of clusters for measurements of cosmological parameters. We use the luminosity and temperature maps derived via the SPI technique to determine the presence of cooling cores, via measurements of luminosity and temperature contrast. The LX -T relation is investigated, and we confirm that LX vprop T 3. We find a weak redshift dependence (\propto (1+z)^{\beta _{LT}}, \beta _{LT}=0.50 \pm 0.34), in contrast to some Chandra results. The level of dynamical activity is established using the "power ratio" method, and we compare our results to previous application of this method to Chandra data for clusters. We find signs of evolution in the P 3/P 0 power ratio. A new method, the "temperature two-point correlation function," is proposed. This method is used to determine the "power spectrum" of temperature fluctuations in the X-ray emitting gas as a function of spatial scale. We show how this method can be fruitfully used to identify cooling core clusters as well as those with disturbed structures, presumably due to ongoing or recent merger activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 696, 1029-1050 p.
Keyword [en]
galaxies: clusters: general, X-rays: galaxies: clusters
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48739DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/696/1/1029ISI: 000265350100085OAI: diva2:375838
Available from: 2010-12-09 Created: 2010-12-09 Last updated: 2011-03-29Bibliographically approved

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