IDENTIFICATION AND PROPERTIES OF THE PHOTOSPHERIC EMISSION IN GRB090902B
2010 (English)In: The Astrophysical Journal Letters, ISSN 2041-8205, Vol. 709, no 2, l172-L177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope observed the bright and long GRB090902B, lying at a redshift of z = 1.822. Together the Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) cover the spectral range from 8 keV to >300 GeV. Here we show that the prompt burst spectrum is consistent with emission from the jet photosphere combined with nonthermal emission described by a single power law with photon index -1.9. The photosphere gives rise to a strong quasi-blackbody spectrum which is somewhat broader than a single Planck function and has a characteristic temperature of similar to 290 keV. We model the photospheric emission with a multicolor blackbody, and its shape indicates that the photospheric radius increases at higher latitudes. We derive the averaged photospheric radius R-ph = (1.1 +/- 0.3) x 10(12) Y-1/4 cm and the bulk Lorentz factor of the flow, which is found to vary by a factor of 2 and has a maximal value of Gamma = 750 Y-1/4. Here, Y is the ratio between the total fireball energy and the energy emitted in the gamma rays. We find that during the first quarter of the prompt phase the photospheric emission dominates, which explains the delayed onset of the observed flux in the LAT compared to the GBM. We interpret the broadband emission as synchrotron emission at R similar to 4 x 10(15) cm. Our analysis emphasizes the importance of having high temporal resolution when performing spectral analysis on gamma-ray bursts, since there is strong spectral evolution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 709, no 2, l172-L177 p.
gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB090902B), gamma rays: general, radiation mechanisms: thermal
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-48913DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/709/2/L172ISI: 000274209300017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-48913DiVA: diva2:376341
authorCount :222010-12-102010-12-102010-12-10Bibliographically approved