Trace Analytical Methods for Semifluorinated n-Alkanes in Snow, Soil, and Air
2010 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 82, no 11, 4551-4557 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Semifluorinated n-alkanes (SFAs) are anthropogenic chemicals that are used in ski waxes and, thus, are released directly into the environment, but their subsequent fate and distribution are as yet unknown. Therefore, simple, selective, and sensitive methods were developed for analyzing trace amounts of SFAs in snow/water, soil, and air samples by gas chromatography coupled to electron capture negative ionization mass spectrometry (GC/ECNI-MS). Recoveries were generally in the range of 70-120%, depending on the compound and matrix. The analytical sensitivity was higher for SFAs with longer fluorinated chains, and the instrumental limits of detection ranged from 0.3 to 260 pg injected, providing method detection limits of 0.54-311 ng L-1, 0.004-9.86 ng g(-1), and 0.4-531 ng m(-3) for snow (analyzed as its meltwater), soil, and air samples, respectively. Using the developed procedures, SFAs were found in snow (meltwater) and soil samples from a small cross-country ski area in Sweden at concentrations up to 1.3 mu g L-1 and 47 pg g(-1), respectively.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 11, 4551-4557 p.
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49227DOI: 10.1021/ac1005519ISI: 000278062800036OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49227DiVA: diva2:376796
authorCount :22010-12-132010-12-132011-04-18Bibliographically approved