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Network analysis in conservation biogeography: challenges and opportunities
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8218-1153
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
2010 (English)In: Diversity & distributions: A journal of biological invasions and biodiversity, ISSN 1366-9516, E-ISSN 1472-4642, Vol. 16, no 3, 414-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims  To highlight the potential value of network analysis for conservation biogeography and to focus attention on some of the challenges that lie ahead in applying it to conservation problems.

Location  Global.

Methods  We briefly review existing literature and then focus on five important challenges for the further development of network-based approaches in the field.

Results  Our five challenges include (i) understanding cross-scale and cross-level linkages in ecological systems (top–down and bottom–up effects, such as trophic cascades, have been demonstrated in food webs but are poorly understood in nested hierarchies such as reserve networks and stream catchments), (ii) capturing dynamic aspects of ecological systems and networks (with a few exceptions we have little grasp of how important whole-network attributes change as the composition of nodes and links changes), (iii) integrating ecological aspects of network theory with metacommunity frameworks and multiple node functions and roles (can we link the spatial patterns of habitat patches in fragmented landscapes, the parallel networks of interacting species using those patches and community-level interactions as defined by metacommunity theory in a single framework?), (iv) integrating the analysis of social and ecological networks (particularly, can they be analysed as a single interacting system?) and (v) laying an empirical foundation for network analysis in conservation biogeography (this will require a larger data bank of well-studied networks from diverse habitats and systems).

Main conclusions  Recent research has identified a variety of approaches that we expect to contribute to progress in each of our five challenge areas. We anticipate that some of the most exciting outcomes of attempts to meet these challenges will be frameworks that unite areas of research, such as food web analysis and metacommunity theory, that have developed independently.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 16, no 3, 414-425 p.
Keyword [en]
Conservation, cross-scale interactions, ecology, food web, fragmentation, network, sociology
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49317DOI: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00651.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49317DiVA: diva2:377128
Available from: 2010-12-13 Created: 2010-12-13 Last updated: 2014-11-07Bibliographically approved

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