Single or Double Degenerate Progenitors? Searching for Shock Emission in the SDSS-II Type Ia Supernovae
2010 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 722, no 2, 1691-1698 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
From the set of nearly 500 spectroscopically confirmed Type Ia supernovae (SNe) and around 10,000 unconfirmed candidates from SDSS-II, we select a subset of 108 confirmed SNe Ia with well-observed early-time light curves to search for signatures from shock interaction of the SN with a companion star. No evidence for shock emission is seen; however, the cadence and photometric noise could hide a weak shock signal. We simulate shocked light curves using SN Ia templates and a simple Gaussian shock model to emulate the noise properties of the SDSS-II sample and estimate the detectability of the shock interaction signal as a function of shock amplitude, shock width, and shock fraction. We find no direct evidence for shock interaction in the rest-frame B-band, but place an upper limit on the shock amplitude at 9% of SN peak flux (MB > - 16.6 mag). If the single degenerate channel dominates type Ia progenitors, this result constrains the companion stars to be less than about 6 M sun on the main sequence and strongly disfavors red giant companions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 722, no 2, 1691-1698 p.
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49532DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/1691ISI: 000284075400056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49532DiVA: diva2:378132