Normal Mode Gating Motions of a Ligand-Gated Ion Channel Persist in a Fully Hydrated Lipid Bilayer Model
2010 (English)In: ACS chemical neuroscience, ISSN 1948-7193, Vol. 1, no 8, 552-558 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have previously used molecular modeling and normal-mode analyses combined with experimental data to visualize a plausible model of a transmembrane ligand-gated ion channel. We also postulated how the gating motion of the channel may be affected by the presence of various ligands, especially anesthetics. As is typical for normal-mode analyses, those studies were performed ut vacuo to reduce the computational complexity of the problem. While such calculations constitute an efficient way to model the large scale structural flexibility of transmembrane proteins, they can be criticized for neglecting the effects of an explicit phospholipid bilayer or hydrated environment. Here, we show the successful calculation of normal-mode motions for our model of a glycine alpha-1 receptor, now suspended in a fully hydrated lipid bilayer. Despite the almost uniform atomic density, the introduction of water and lipid does not grossly distort the overall gating motion. Normal-mode analysis revealed that even a fully immersed glycine alpha-1 receptor continues to demonstrate an iris-like channel gating motion as a low-frequency, high-amplitude natural harmonic vibration consistent with channel gating. Furthermore, the introduction of periodic boundary conditions allows the examination of simultaneous harmonic vibrations of lipid in synchrony with the protein gating motions that are compatible with reasonable lipid bilayer perturbations. While these perturbations tend to influence the overall protein motion, this work provides continued support for the iris-like motion model that characterizes gating within the family of ligand-gated ion channels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 1, no 8, 552-558 p.
Normal-mode analysis, ligand-gated ion channels, glycine alpha-1 receptor, anesthetic mechanism, elastic network model, lipid bilayer
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49459DOI: 10.1021/cn100026tISI: 000281052400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49459DiVA: diva2:378151
authorCount :32010-12-152010-12-142010-12-15Bibliographically approved