Visual-motor and executive functions in children born preterm: The Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test revisited
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 51, no 5, 376-384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Visual-motor development and executive functions were investigated with the Bender Test at age 51/2 years in 175 children born preterm and 125 full-term controls, within the longitudinal Stockholm Neonatal Project. Assessment also included WPPSI-R and NEPSY neuropsychological battery for ages 4-7 (Korkman, 1990). Bender protocols were scored according to Brannigan & Decker (2003), Koppitz (1963) and a complementary neuropsychological scoring system (ABC), aimed at executive functions and developed for this study. Bender results by all three scoring systems were strongly related to overall cognitive level (Performance IQ), in both groups. The preterm group displayed inferior visual-motor skills compared to controls also when controlling for IQ. The largest group differences were found on the ABC scoring, which shared unique variance with NEPSY tests of executive function. Multiple regression analyses showed that hyperactive behavior and inattention increased the risk for visual-motor deficits in children born preterm, whereas no added risk was seen among hyperactive term children. Gender differences favoring girls were strongest within the preterm group, presumably reflecting the specific vulnerability of preterm boys. The results indicate that preterm children develop a different neurobehavioral organization from children born at term, and that the Bender test with a neuropsychological scoring is a useful tool in developmental screening around school start.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 51, no 5, 376-384 p.
Developmental assessment, executive function, eye-hand coordination, hyperactive, preterm
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49436DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2010.00818.xISI: 000281950300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49436DiVA: diva2:379356
authorCount :32010-12-172010-12-142012-08-24Bibliographically approved