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Dark solitons near the Mott-insulator-superfluid phase transition
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
2010 (English)In: Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, ISSN 1050-2947, E-ISSN 1094-1622, Vol. 82, no 3, 33618- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Dark solitons of ultracold bosons in the vicinity of the Mott-insulator-superfluid phase transition are studied. Making use of the Gutzwiller ansatz we have found antisymmetric eigenstates corresponding to standing solitons, as well as propagating solitons created by phase imprinting. Near the phase boundary, superfluidity has either a particle or a hole character depending on the system parameters, which greatly affects the characteristics of both types of solitons. Within the insulating Mott regions, soliton solutions are prohibited by lack of phase coherence between the lattice sites. Linear and modulational stability show that the soliton solutions are sensitive to small perturbations and, therefore, unstable. In general, their lifetimes differ for on-site and off-site modes. For the on-site modes, there are small areas between the Mott-insulator regions where the lifetime is very large, and in particular much larger than that for the off-site modes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 3, 33618- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49430DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.033618ISI: 000282167200014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49430DiVA: diva2:379410
Note
authorCount :3 Available from: 2010-12-17 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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