Biomimetic Apatite Mineralization Mechanisms of Mesoporous Bioactive Glasses as Probed by Multinuclear ³¹P, ²⁹Si, ²³Na and ¹³C Solid State NMR
2010 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 114, no 45, 19345-19356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An array of magic-angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy experiments is applied to explore the surface reactions of a mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) of composition Ca0.10Si0.85P0.04O1.90 when subjected to a simulated body fluid (SBF) for variable intervals. Powder X-ray diffraction and 31P NMR techniques are employed to quantitatively monitor the formation of an initially amorphous calcium phosphate surface layer and its subsequent crystallization into hydroxycarbonate apatite (HCA). Prior to the onset of HCA formation, 1H → 29Si cross-polarization (CP) NMR evidence dissolution of calcium ions; a slightly increased connectivity of the speciation of silicate ions is observed at the MBG surface over 1 week of SBF exposure. The incorporation of carbonate and sodium ions into the bioactive orthophosphate surface layer is explored by 1H → 13C CPMAS and 23Na NMR, respectively. We discuss similarities and distinctions in composition−bioactivity relationships established for traditional melt-prepared bioglasses compared to MBGs. The high bioactivity of phosphorus-bearing MBGs is rationalized to stem from an acceleration of their surface reactions due to presence of amorphous calcium orthophosphate clusters of the MBG pore wall.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 114, no 45, 19345-19356 p.
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49839DOI: 10.1021/jp105408cISI: 000284018100028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-49839DiVA: diva2:379713